The Economic Impact of Repealing DACA

On Sept. 5th, the Trump administration announced the repeal of DACA. As a part of the announcement Attorney General Jeff Sessions claimed that DACA has had a negative impact on the American economy, that is not correct. Rather, repealing DACA would hurt the economy.

Repealing this Executive order will not only lead to almost 800,000 undocumented immigrants who came to the united states as kids not being able to work legally and being at risk for deportation, but it will also have a negative impact on the size and growth of United States economy.

First, the actual act of repealing the excretive order will be expensive. The Cato Institute estimates that it will cost the federal government at least $60 billion over the next ten years to execute the repeal of DACA.

By rescinding DACA, the GDP would both shrink in size and growth. A Center for American Progress study estimates that the repeal of DACA would cause US GDP would shrink by $433 Billion over 10 years. The Cato Institute estimates that in that same time frame US economic growth would be reduced by $280 Billion. Both these studies show a dramatic negative impact on the American Economy.

The GDP would not be the only thing to suffer. A CAP study approximates that the contributions to entitlement would drop by $24.6 Billion.

DACA recipients are a key working age population, the average age of a DACA recipient is 22. As the overall American population ages and there are more people dependent on Medicare and social security we will need more people to pay into these programs. By eliminating DACA we are also eliminating a group that

helps keeps entitlements funded.

In general, the United States needs immigration in order to keep our

population pyramid in check. DACA has helped increased that vital working age population to help hold up our increasing top-heavy pyramid.

DACA will not only have a negative impact on national economy, but some states with large populations of DACA recipients will face even greater economic consequence.

California, the state with largest number of DACA recipients, would face an estimated $11.3 Billion annual GDP loss. Texas would also face approximately a $6.1 Billion GDP loss per year.

The Economic Resilience of the Movies

In 2008 when much of the economy was in decline and unemployment was on the rise, the movie industry had a happier story to tell.

In during the great recession in 2007 and 2008, instead of seeing a sharp decline in movie ticket purchases there was instead there was minimal change. Movie ticket sales and the health of our economy are not correlated and therefore box office performance is not a good indicator of the state of our economy.

The box offices’ struggles are not aligned with the rest of the economy. In away they are immune from traditional market down turns.

At first glance, the film industry doing well doing a recession seems counterintuitive. Entertainment is generally seen as an extra budget item that would be cut when money is tighter. However, the movies are like an escape from the real world. When times are tough people can take refuge in the world of the movies. Therefore, the film industry instead of experiencing a slump during the recession it continued to succeed.

The top grossing films of 2007 and 2008 were Spider-Man 3 and The Dark Knight respectively. Both films provide an element of fantasy and heroism. They have the ability to transport the viewer to a different world, one that isn’t their economically dim reality. They gave an escape people craved.

Box office sales did not take a major hit during the great recession, however, they have been hit with a subtle decline in recent history. According to The Numbers, the peak of movie ticket sales was 2002 when approximately 1.5 billion tickets were sold. That is almost 200 million more tickets sold than in 2016.

The decline in box office sales could be a reflection of the changing economy of how we watch movies. There has been a trend towards watching movies at home rather than in theaters. A 2006 Pew Research study found that 75% of Americans would rather watch a movie at home than in a theater up from 67% in 1995. The Pew study is supported by a 2015 CBS News poll which found that a majority of Americans preferred watching movies at home and 84% of Americans watch more movies at home than in theaters

One of the factors in declining movie theater ticket sales is online streaming, with Netflix being the biggest player in the streaming field. In the same time period where movie ticket sales have been declining Netflix has been expanding its subscriber base. Netflix has gone from almost 7.5million subscribers in 2007 to almost 100 million domestic and international subscribers, according to Business Insider and Statista.

The movie industry has been for the most part immune to the ups and downs of the economy. Box office sales are not the key to unlocking the health of the economy, rather they tell us something about the psyche of the nation. Even when times are tough we crave the escapism that the movies provide. Through the ups and downs of the economy, the movies have proved to be resilient.

 

Sources: 

The Numbers 

Business Insider 

Fortune 

Pew Research

CBS News